Algae in Iceland

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Algae in Iceland

Algae in Iceland

Life is organized into a food chain, and at the bottom of the aquatic food chain are algae. They use energy from the light to create inorganic-organic matter. In the surface layers, microscopic phytoplankton float and can accumulate in numbers rapidly if conditions are favorable.

Seaweed is multicellular and much larger, living in deeper waters, and is attached to the bottom. Physical factors, such as air temperature, salinity, and draught, typically regulate what species may live in the upper sections of the seashore, while biological factors, such as competition and grazing, further control the composition of the species in the ocean.

Algae in Iceland

Seaweed, also called benthic algae, looks like on-land plants and has the same role in the sea in several respects. They are only distantly related, however. They can only be found along the coast on a narrow strip where sunlight can reach the bottom, typically not below a depth of 20 m. Also, benthic algae can only be found where hard substrates are present.

Since they do not have proper roots, they can’t bind themselves to sandy or muddy bottoms. But even in such settings, where they are attached to shells and rocks lying in soft sediment beds, they are found.

Algae in Iceland

In general, seaweed is classified into three major classes, namely, green algae, brown algae, and red algae, named after the various pigment combinations in these groups. 

Species from both classes exist at different depths, but green algae are most abundant in the upper part of the coast, brown algae in the lower part of the seashore, and the shallower part of the ocean in general. Below that, there are the most common red algae. The largest and most conspicuous are the brown algae. Many species use benthic algae. Only sea urchins and a few snail species may feed directly on it, however. 

Dead algae are broken down by microbes and channeled back into the aquatic food chain through them. Dead kelp also drifts to the open ocean and is a source of food farther out in wetlands for detritus and filter feeders. In this way, the productivity of benthic algae in shallow waters influences the quality of the entire marine ecosystem directly or indirectly. 

It is also of great importance because in shallow waters that are structurally similar to forests on land, large brown algae species form kelp forests. The primary production of kelp forest per square mile is among the world’s largest, equivalent to that of tropical rainforests. 

Algae in Iceland is the most active ecosystem. The kelp forests also establish a complex three-dimensional ecosystem, as in forests on land, where other species of animals and algae will grow between the big kelp.

Algae in Iceland

Culture of Algae in Iceland

Iceland provides tremendous advantages for growth and future development opportunities for rising and exciting industries. 

Algae culture in Iceland needs the following beneficial factors:

  • Absolute cold water abundance
  • Cool atmosphere
  • Geothermal Green Energy
  • Multiple energy-and geothermal power plant valuation sessions
  • Contracts in the long term with predictable costs
  • Zoned ground, ready for expansion
  • Reasons why Iceland should choose:
  • Green energy from renewable resources at reasonable rates
  • With its competitive prices, Iceland’s renewable geothermal energy offers the algae culture industry a perfect environment for a potential development center for microalgae production.
  • Long-term contracts for electricity and stability in the cost of production
  • The capacity of Iceland to provide long-term energy contracts provides the cost of production with valuable stability.
  • Stable grid links and efficient distribution rates provide additional advantages.
  • Exciting prospects for the future
  • The culture of algae is an industry with amazing growth potential.
  • In a wide range of fields, such as biofuels, Iceland offers the perfect setting for advancing this opportunity.
  • Iceland has been designated a leading location for the production of algae biomass from the country’s renewable energy resources and logistical capacity. 
  • In their facilities, Algalif produces high-quality natural Astaxanthin through a geothermal power plant in Reykjanes.
  • In new installations, Algaennovation generates ultra-high Omega3 microalgae.


Algae in Iceland cover prominent areas. Different species adapt to various depths or are forced into marginal zones by competition. 

For any assistance in Iceland, get in touch with Swapp Agency.


Swapp Agency is an innovative recruitment firm in Reykjavik that focuses on helping people find jobs and companies to fill their openings in Iceland.

Swapp offers a range of services to their clients in operational supports.


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